Despite widespread acceptance and clinical use of the Kujala Anterior Knee Pain Scale (AKPS) in orthopedics and sports medicine, few. ANTERIOR KNEE PAIN SCALE (AKPS) – KUJALA. Age Min: 11; Age Max: ; Questions: 13; Language and Cultural Adaptations: N/A; Anatomic Region: Knee . PDF | To translate and validate the Kujala Anterior Knee Pain Scale (AKPS) in patients who have undergone total knee arthroplasty (TKA) or.
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Chinese translation and validation of the Kujala scale for patients with patellofemoral pain. The Kujala AKPS [ 1 ] is a item screening instrument designed to assess patellofemoral pain in adolescents and young adults, with a variable ordinal response format.
Barber Foss3 Timothy E. Introduction Within the fields of orthopedics and sports medicine, the Kujala Anterior Knee Pain Scale AKPS [ 1 ], has been widely used to identify and study the prevalence of patellofemoral knee pain.
Free online Kujala (Anterior Knee Pain Scale) score calculator – orthotoolkit
Standard error of measurement SEM Variability associated with the errors of test scores was computed as follows: Second, Spearman-rho correlation coefficients were used to estimate the equivalence of scales between the 6-item khjala forms with their longer, item forms. Variability associated with the errors of test scores was computed as follows: The study was a secondary analysis of prospective epidemiologic data using established scale validation methods.
Discussion The Kujala AKPS, is a well-recognized and highly respected instrument used within the fields of orthopedics and sports medicine. Within the fields of orthopedics and sports medicine, the Kujala Anterior Knee Pain Scale AKPS [ 1 ], has been widely used to identify and study the prevalence of patellofemoral knee pain. Despite widespread acceptance and clinical use of the Kujala Anterior Knee Pain Scale AKPS in orthopedics and sports medicine, few studies have reported on its reliability and no such studies have concentrated on child or adolescent samples exclusively, segments of the population for which this instrument is often used.
However, the extent to which these findings generalize to athletes of other sports, in other grade levels, or in other U. Dutch translation of the Kujala Anterior Knee Pain Scale and validation in patients after knee arthroplasty. It is also recommended that new studies be conducted in which the different formats are presented to the athletes and scored using the modified forms presented here, to know with increased certainty how the different scales perform in the reduced or simplified states.
Three different types of reliability internal consistency, equivalence across forms, standard error of measurement and one type of validity criterion-related were estimated for the AKPS in the current sample.
Whereas the 6-item form had identical classification rates to the item form, one may be able to screen at similar accuracy and reliability levels with the shorter form, thereby saving valuable time for clinical care and intervention. In the case of a prospective epidemiologic study, when spread over thousands of athletes, this could mean a tremendous savings to the athletes, the clinicians, and medical and educational systems more broadly. The records of female athletes Scoring of patellofemoral disorders.
Current AKPS data using the reduced 6-item form appears to offer highly similar reliability indices to the original but longer item form when either the ordinal or the dichotomized response option formats scals considered. The records of adolescent girls This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licensekujalw permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Consequently, the purpose of this study was to describe and report on the reliability and validity of the AKPS with adolescent female athletes participating in interscholastic athletics.
Free online Kujala (Anterior Knee Pain Scale) score calculator
Statistical Analyses Three different sets of reliability estimates were computed for the AKPS for the entire sample of research participants: Measures of knde consistency were computed for both the item long form as well as the 6-item kijala form for both ordinal and dichotomously recoded response option formats: Analysis of outcome measures for persons with patellofemoral pain: See Myer et al.
Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Reliability was estimated using internal consistency, equivalence across forms, and standard error of measurement; validity was evaluated using percent correct classification rates at both pre- and post-season evaluations. It will be important for additional research to lain conducted with this instrument, to administer the scale in its various forms to the athletes prior to additional use, and to athletes representing broader segments of the U.
The purpose of the current study was to describe and report on the reliability and validity of the AKPS for use with high school female athletes participating in interscholastic athletics. Outcome measures in patellofemoral pain syndrome: The current project was part of a pwin, epidemiologic investigation that included a population of healthy, knee, and minimally symptomatic study participants. Data Availability All relevant data are within the paper and its Supporting Information files.
Less well developed, however, is the psychometric foundation on which the instrument is based. The authors have declared that no competing nkee exist. Four different approaches to scoring and scale reduction of the AKPS were evaluated, including the original, antreior item form, a modified, ordinal 6-item form, a modified, dichotomous item form, and a modified, dichotomous 6-item form.
Whereas Bennel et al. However, the instrument did have a tendency to overestimate the number of athletes who were injured more so than it did the number of athletes where were healthy, which is indeed preferable in a clinical, epidemiologic study as this one.
Even the two studies that used translations into other languages were done using adult groups and with specific disease states [ 56 ]. Conceived and designed the experiments: The current study is not without limitations.
No studies to date appear to have taken a comprehensive view of reliability assessment and none has been conducted using pediatric or adolescent samples.